AILET 2017 ANALYSIS AND LEARNING FOR CLAT 2017… MUST WATCH
- May 12, 2017
- Posted by: admin
- Category: Tips for Law Entrance Exams
AILET made a good paper this year, as it has been doing all these years. there was novelty, and innovation, and in a true sense application in the portions that tested logic and reasoning. it’s quite another matter that GK and legal knowledge were a cloak and dagger sections for most aspirants and expected a bit much from them. That aside AILET continues to be quite unrivalled in its testing.
English Answer key and Explanation
Before a detailed insight into the English section let me start by telling you at the outset that there are no errors except one suspect question (Q. 10) in this section.
the section begins with some warm up on a mixture of meanings of foreign words, and promptly moves to a relatively new section on usage and meaning of CONJUNCTIONS, fitting the first part of the sentence with the other and choosing the conjunction that conveys the same meaning. there were 9 questions on grammar and usage; 3 were on odd one out in usage (Q.10-12), 2 on incorrect sentences and 4 on identifying correct sentences. a set of 3 questions came on one big jumbled paragraph of moderate difficulty and finally 10 questions on a biggish cloze passage. while the cloze was seemingly easy as the words were very basic, therein lies the catch! THE MORE BASIC THE WORDS THE MORE DIFFICULT THE QUESTION!
Q.1. – b – Hoi polloi means common people, NOT MIDDLE CLASS. middle class originates in marxism while hoi polloi originates in socialism; so the intent of the two words is the same. here the OPPOSITE had to be written which is B; aristocracy
- d – nonplussed is befuddled, OPPOsite is calm or unperturbed
- c – cheeseball means something ‘corny’ or crass. it’s an american word, definitely not british but it’s found its way in our exams. the opp, though not asked, of this word is stylish.
- b – gingerly means cautiously and carefully, diligently even daintily. so here the answer is assiduously.
- a – surreal is beyond real, ineluctable. hence bizarre
For questions 6 – 9, you should’ve spotted a sure combination and then reduced the options.to whichever carried that combination. you may get happily surprised that only one option has it.
- a – here iii – 1 -c is our catch. and also ii – 3- a; ‘with’ someone as Captain. and decision to take raincoat will be based on ‘observation’ therefore ‘seeing that’. iv – 2 also go together as ‘still’ implies ‘even if’
- d – here i -3 and ii – 1 pairs are an easy spot. parcel delay reason has to be given ‘due to’; and in not going a decision has been made so supplementing it with a cause ‘in order to’
- b – this one is the easiest as it has the most conspicuous words, so ii-1-c; telling off the teacher or iii – 3 – a; downpour and rains
- a – this question was also doable. should’ve spotted ii – 1- a tip off and police or iv – 3 – c ; upbringing.
for questions 10 – 12 odd sentence had to be spotted by checking usage and grammar
10 given answer is d.however i see no clear answer here. b and d are similar as noun and adjective change to verb and adverb. brave fight and prompt answer change to fought bravely and answered promptly.a and c both are different so either can be an answer. a, where noun changes to verb ‘amusement’ changes to amuse and disappointed remains disappointed.
11.b – the first step i did was to check conjunctions and i found all sentences have it, second what catches the eye is that in b the second sentences introduces a subject not mentioned in the first; sentence one of b is incorrect and without a subject; dangling modifier while second one corrects it. rest of the sentences all are consistent with the subject.
- c – here it is simple; except c all sentences shift from direct to indirect speech.
- a – after than the verb has to be repeated; whenever a comparison is done both sides of the conjunction should’ve the same verbs
- c – same error. faster than you ‘can’
- d – to give one’s ears is to sacrifice or pay a heavy price from an old practice where ears were chopped off for those that dissented.
to listen carefully is “to be all ears”, “to give ears”
Questions 18-20 were based on jumbled paragraph.
the order for the paragraph is OMLPKN. here OMLP is a set; where O begins the discussion with the progress over years and M specifies one such example.KN is the other set which talks about ending subjugation. the close call was between KNOMLP and OMLPKN. this made this question tricky.
- d – a is incorrect; uptill now instead of upto now and hasn’t instead of didn’t.
b until is incorrect here; should be since or for, in c was rushing home should change to ‘rushed home’
- c – ‘have you ever’ in a should be ‘did you’ because time is attached, when time is attached present perfect (has/have) changes to simple past (did/’ed’). in b it should be ‘am staying’ to show connect
the error in d is punctuation. no commas with non restrictive relative pronoun, ‘who’
- d – a conjunction is missing in sentence b, in c ‘to pass’ should change to ‘passing’ and in d ‘for paying’ should change to ‘to pay’
- b – a is incorrect, as winning is without a subject;it should be ‘they were winning’ b is incorrect use of despite, it should be ‘despite the snow’s falling’. d is incorrect because of the preposition ‘for’ should be ‘in’
25 – 35 are based on the paragraph cloze. here the words were simple and basic but the catch is that their specific usage was tested and the options here comprise words that are interchangeably used colloquially. that would probably make the cloze difficult or the attempt fraught with errors
25 a – the hint here was the preposition ‘upon’ and ‘obligation’ – impose is correct. ‘impose and ‘impress’ use upon and impress in not used as an obligation, impress upon means stress or mean.
26 a – hours of work are fixed. firm and stable are words used generally for agreements and manpower.
- b – wage is a simple answer here for even any irregular newspaper reader
- b – ‘not enough work’ is the clue here
29 a – here the close words were laid off and dismissed; terminated is for ants and locusts not workers. since these are daily wagers their services are dispensed with, therefore laid off is not correct. it should be used for those that are on rolls.
- c – we need a word for rules
- a – unlawful is the right word as we want a word for ‘not the law’. illegal means breaking the law hence will be incorrect, therefore felonious is even worse. illegitimate also means digressing from the law.
- c – simple word for work areas
- d – we need a word for being faced with a situation; bear and endured are for consequences and actions.
- b – since something ‘was reached’, which is a clue here, it cannot be a decision, as a decision is made or give; therefore we need a word meaning ‘mutual’, hence ‘ settlement. it’s not an agreement as it isn’t a contract.
- c – from the meaning from the previous sentences and the law suit the word that fits here is guarantee.
|(71)||C||Employer and employee relationships are generally deemed to be fiduciary relationships. In that light, there will be a presumption of undue influence. The additional aspect that there was no benefit to Pragya in the contract implies a further presumption of undue influence.
|(72)||A||It is clear that the bank should have followed the advice in relation to the independent advice issue. The very fact that even on the advice of the bank, Pragya did not take independent advice means that there must be undue influence due to which she is not moving forward with such advice. Therefore, the undue influence vitiates the actions of the bank as well.
|(73)||D||In light of the principle given, please note that the acceptance was “provisional” which essentially implies that it was a conditional acceptance.
|(74)||B||In this question, the principle categorically states that for the establishment of a master-servant relationship, there must be a certain degree of direction and control. The decision here was based on mutual consent here and therefore, there can be no presumption of direction and control and hence the wife is not liable.
|(75)||C||Please note that the given answer here is option B. However, we believe that since the facts clearly mention that the physical contact was in accordance with established police procedures, the correct option should be option C. We are sending the appropriate communication to NLU, Delhi.
|(76)||A||Volenti non fit injuria in this question does not imply that there was consent for the accident as well. Even though L was learning to drive, obviously her duty of care would be the same as that of an ordinary driver.
|(77)||B||The freedom of movement as enshrined under Article 19(1)(d) includes the apparent right to move without any conditions as well. However, certain restrictions are permissible. Therefore, between choosing option D and B, option B seems to be the better answer. This is because there is a restriction which is being imposed, but as stated in option B, the restriction is valid.
|(78)||A||The principle makes a specific exception for acts which entail public welfare and public convenience. Therefore, directly applying the principle – D would not be entitled to any compensation.
|(79)||D||Borstals were intended to reform seriously delinquent young people in the UK. This means there is a clear affinity of these trainees towards wrongful activity. In light of the specific nature of these detention centres, it is foreseeable that there should have been higher supervision and in the absence of the same, there would be damages that are payable.
|(80)||B||The preservation of democratic values is an essential part of the spirit of our Constitution. At the same time, Article 1 of the Constitution defines India as a union of states. However, whilst the unity of states implies federalism and the indestructible nature, it does not have a direct connection with the idea of democracy.
|(81)||B||Directly derivable from the case of Kesavananda Bharti v. State of Kerala (1973). The basic structure of the Constitution cannot be amended under Article 368 (which provides for the parliaments power of amendment). The reason in fact is an explanation for the assertion, but not vice versa.
|(82)||A||The spirit of Article 14 includes the doctrine of arbitrariness and unreasonableness as laid down in the case of Maneka Gandhi v. Union of India. Therefore any unreasonable action of the state does in fact violate Article 14.
|(83)||B||Both statements are correct. However, the idea of avoiding the rigidity in the Constitution by the framers does not directly have anything to do with the exploitation of the lack of rigidity by the political party in majority.
|(84)||B||While both statements are correct, once again a general statement of policy has nothing to do with the freedom of movement of AIDS victims in particular.
|(85)||B||While the assertion speaks of convicts and their access to journalists, the reason is limited to the death row inmates. Hence, whilst both statements are correct, it is not the correct explanation.
|(86)||B||Both statements are correct. However, as is obvious, they have nothing to do with each other. Assertion is about the idea of Res Judicata, whilst the reason is about defamation.
|(87)||A||If the institution is receiving assistance then the limitations laid down in Indira Sawhney Case will continue to apply irrespective of the fact that it is a minority institution.
|(88)||C||The sixth child friendly court in India and the first in south India was established in Hyderabad in 2016 by the Telengana Government.
|(89)||B||This was pretty easy if you paid attention and read the question carefully. GST was obviously about indirect taxes and not direct taxes and the first statement is obviously wrong.
|(90)||A||The CVC was established in 1964 to address governmental corruption.
|(91)||C||Directly derivable from the case. The FIR has to be uploaded within 24 hours.
|(92)||B||The first court annexed mediation centre was established in India on April 9, 2005. Now, the location was Chennai which makes it a tough choice between option B and C. B seems to be the better answer simply because it was called the Tamil Nadu Mediation and Conciliation Centre. However, we believe, option B and C both should be given full marks.
|(93)||A||The first pilot project was started in 2005 in the local municipal elections in Estonia.
|(94)||B||Directly derivable from the BCI notification making the AIBE compulsory.
|(95)||B||John Adams was the first Vice President of Independent USA and the second President of the United States from 1797 to 1801.
|(96)||A||Derived from the case of Luxottixa Group Limited v. Ashok Kumar, CS (OS) 384/2011.
|(97)||A||The Supreme Court had already “Transgender” to be the third gender in 2014 itself. The central government had sought clarity on the same and in 2016, the Supreme Court refused to change its order and clarified that “ONLY” transgender will qualify as the “Third Gender”. The implementation of both orders is yet to be achieved.
|(98)||D||In March 2017, the New Zealand government granted legal status to the river Whanganui. Very popularly, days after the law was enacted in New Zealand, Indian Courts have granted legal status to the rivers Ganga and Yamuna.
|(99)||B||Directly from the Constitution of India – Article 128.
|(100)||B||Public Trust doctrine is an essential part of the idea of “sustainable development”.
|(101)||B||The Delhi High Court had passed the order in 2013.
|(102)||B||The website was launched in 2013. The same is accessible at https://www.constituteproject.org/ .
|(103)||C||The idea is obviously not to introduce an enhanced punishment but rather to reduce the human right violations that might be happening.
|(104)||A||The official notification of the central government is available at http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=149354 (as accessed on May 12, 2017).
|(105)||B||Directly provided for in the Bill itself.
MATHS & REASONING ANSWER KEY
109 – 113
Numbering each word with a number
Input- Diksha(1) cannot(2) but(3) feel(4) happy(5) for(6) him(7)
Step 1 – 3,2,1,5,4,7,6 – It has divided these words into 3 sets of 3,2 and 2. Then each set is written in reversed order
Step 2 – 2,3,4,5,1,6,7 – It has divided words in Step 2 in sets of 2,3 and 2. Then each set is written in reversed order.
Step 3 – 3,2,5,4,7,6,1 – It has divided words in Step 3 in sets of 2,2 and 3. Then each set is written in reversed order.
Step 4 – 5,2,3,7,4,1,6 – It has divided words again in sets of 3,2 and 2. Then each set is written in reversed order.
109 – Answer (b)
Step 5 – 2,5,4,7,3,6,1 – Dividing words in step 4 into sets of 2,3 and 2. Number each word in the set given in this order and then calculate step 4 using the order given in Step 4.
110 – Answer (d)
Step 7 – 7,5,2,1,4,3,6
Number the words given in the question using Step 1 given above and then find Step 7
111 – Answer (d)
Step 6 – 5,2,7,4,1,6,3
Number words given in the question, Last word in step 3 is word numbered 1. Thus answer should be “stand”
112 – Answer (c)
Number words using step 3 output given above and then arrange them as an input.
113 – Question is incorrect as there are only 6 words in the question.
114 – 118
114 – Answer (a)
M has to be in Team 2 as per statement (iv)
115 – Answer (c) – As per the below valid combinations K can be with G,J and M
Some of the valid combination that can be formed are-
Combination 1 – Team 1- I,N
Team 2 – M,H
Team 3 – K,L ( This team can have either or J,G and O)
Combination 2 – Team 1 – I,N,O
Team 2 – M,K,L
Team 3 – J,H,G
116 – Answer (d) – As per the above combination 1 we can see that H has to be in Team 2
117 – Answer (b)
(a) and (d) are incorrect as K and L has to be together
(c) is incorrect as per statement (v) of the question.
118 – Answer (d)
I and N has to be together so this is not a valid combination.
119 – 122
Seating Arrangement as below
119 – Answer (b)
As per the above arrangement
120 – Answer (d)
As per the above arrangement
121 – Answer (b)
As per above arrangement
122- Answer (a)
As per the above arrangement
123 – Answer (d)
As per the diagram below
124 – Answer (a)
As per the diagram
125 – Answer (b)
Suraj reached at 8:30h and Suma reached at 9:00h. Suman was 40 minutes late, thus the scheduled meeting time was 8:20h
126 – Answer (a)
Next Bus leaving time – 18:00h, thus prior bus has left at 15:30h. Announcement says that bus has left 40minutes ago. Thus Announcement time was 15:30h + 40minutes.
127 – Answer (c)
Hence Amrita is Grand daughter of Arjun.
129 Answer (d) As per the diagram given below S and Z are cousins
130. Answer (d) difference in last two letter is 2 in (d) instead of 1.
a) Z Y A B
26 25 1 2
b) T S G H
20 19 7 8
C) O N L M
15 14 12 13
d) U T F H
21 20 6 8
131.Answer (c) except c , all other has terms in decreasing order.
a) J I H G
10 9 8 7
b) R Q P O
18 17 16 15
C) W X U V
23 24 21 22
d) U T S R
20 20 19 18
5, 7.5, 11.25, 17.5, 29.75, 50, 91.25
instead of 29.75 , it should be 28.75.
+1.25×2, + 1.25 x3 , + 1.25 x5 , + 1.25x 9, + 1.25 x 17, 1.25 x 33
Difference in multiples 2,3,5,9,17,33, are 1 , 2, 4, 8, 16.
10, 13, 26, 37 , 51, 85, 154
10+ 16 = 26
13 + 24 = 37
26 + 32 = 58 ( instead of 51)
37 + 48 = 85
58 + 96 = 154
ST 39 = 19 + 20 IS 39
UV43= 21+ 22 IS 43
WX47 = 23 + 24 IS 47
SO NEXT TERM SHOULD BE YZ51= 25 +26 IS 51
135.Answer is (d)
13 x 13 = 169 : 169-1 =168
14×13 =182 : 182-1 = 181
15 x 13 = 195 : 195 – 1 = 194
Soln:(option a) Breadth = 50m . It length is increases by 20 m,
then increase in the area = 50 × 20 = 1000 m2
\ Increase in price = 1000 × 0.25 = 250 Rs.
Now cost = 1250Rs.
142.Soln:(option c) Let present age of the mother = a year and daughter = b years.
Þ a + b = 45
(a – 5)(b – 5) = 4(b – 5)
Þ b = 9
\ a = 36 years
143.Soln:(option d) When 68 is divided by 7, remainder is 5.
\ Monday + 5 days = Saturday
144.Soln:(option a) Let speed of boat in still water be B km/hr and speed of stream be R km/hr . Let distance between two ports be Dkm.
Soln:(option b) Relative Speed = (40 – 25)km/hr = 15 × 5/18 m/sec
D = Length of the train
T = 48 sec
\Distance = Speed × time = 15 × 5/18 × 48 = 200 m.
146.Soln:(option c) Ratio of wages should be in the ratio 1/15 : 1/20 : 1/30 (one day work capacity)
Þ 4 : 3 : 2
\ Difference in the share of Reema and Ruchi = × 810 = 90Rs.
147.Soln:(option d) Total population = 296000
Male = 166000
Female = 130000
Total literate = 29600/2 = 148000
Literate male = 0.7 × 160000 = 116200
\ literate female = (148000 – 116200) = 31800.