Through a Magnifying Glass!!! Last minute English and CR tips
- May 4, 2017
- Posted by: admin
- Category: Tips for Law Entrance Exams
(Title Based on Lewis Carrol’s Through a Looking Glass)
I’ve tried to collate English and CR last minute brushing up with a fine toothed comb. hope it helps.
- Just go over previous words/ mocks for vocabulary. DO NOT MESS UP the question; check carefully- synonym or antonym.
- For fill in the blanks look for clues in the statement. if there is a ‘BUT’ or similar word before or after the blank, we need the opposite word or thought mentioned previously.
- For prepositions, go over the questions in all mocks and try to learn them up
- For error – detection –
- Start with checking the verb, match it with the subject,
- Look for pronouns and match them to their antecedent nouns
- For more than one verb, check whether action is chronological, if yes all verbs have to be parallel, that is in the same tense. for consequential action (one act dependent on the other as shown by conjunctions like – after, before, if, unless) verbs will be in different tenses like combination of past perfect with simple past; simple past with present perfect etc.
- For grammar based fill in the blanks revise; conditionals, prepositions, tense
- For parajumbles – focus on a good mandatory pair. for cinfusion between the last option like DABC and ABCD don’t check starting or ending, instead check whether DA is a pair or CD is a pair.
- In comprehension – start with the questions. if questions are fact based read backwards to scan for answers.In any case read the 1,2, and last paragraph to know theme of the passage. prevents you from making blunders. instead of jumping to an answer in rc, go with elimination method. this, too, will help you avoid errors.Confirm the tone of the passage by focussing on words like; fortunately, luckily and other strong adjectives. also 1,2 and last para will help in tone source of the passage for analytical, critical will be largely an article. descriptive passages giving lots of data could be research work, very informal passages could be blogs. hint will be given in the first two paras itself.
11.lastly for clozes – see if the cloze is a narration, then the dominant tense is past tense. for sentences that tell us about things in genral, or routine things, the tense will be SIMPLE PRESENT.
“will” – should be used for INEVITABLE action for future
“would” – used when choice, willingness is asked or given or when the sentence is in the past
“can” – possibility of action in future
“could” – general capability or potential for action
also pay attention to conditionals
- Statement assumption/ inference/ conclusion – same methodology to be used in the answers. only the absolutely necessary answers are to be accepted
- Best way to check is through negation and through converting the statement into an if or only if case.
- In ‘if’ outcome is necessary not condition
- In ‘only if’ condition is necessary not the outcome
- For strong weak arguments – remember your rights and duties, duties of the state, humanity, ethics.
- In paragraph based CR, always hit the bull’s eye. attack the conclusion. ebvery answer has to be given in accordance with the conclusion.Assumption is missing vital piece of evidence. there are two general assumption answers
- For any advice/ action/ thought proposed – assumption is that it will help and it is needed
- In a passage that is comparing two scenarios assumption is that they can be compared, that they are similar, so choose any option which says it
7.For checking single statement validity always convert the statement to a conditional or a deductive proposition.
when/ each/ sufficient/ everytime / all/ no/no word used = if
only/ unless/ without/ necessary = only if
only p then q = all q then p
nothing but p = only p
once converted use the validity answers for a perfect score 😉
8.If it is true that all p are q what cannot be true? answer will be no p are q
similarly if it says if it is false that all p are q, what is definitely true? answer is some p are not q
and vice versa
9.For chain syllogisms, if p then q, if q then r, if r then s = p therefore q, p therefore r, p therefore s
10.In deductive if you have a no conclusion then also check ‘either/ or’ option (if any)
Lastly, just go over your notes and mock analysis and make your own ‘go – to’ list, and remember i’m just a mail/ call away. do not hesitate to reach out to your mentors!
I hope this list is helpful and feel free to contact me for any further clarification.
“In your efforts lies your salvation!”