Current Affairs Capsule – January 12, 2020
- January 12, 2020
- Posted by: Team CP
- Category: Current Affairs Capsule
- Indian satellites in low-earth orbits will be tracked by the Indian Data Relay Satellite System, which plans to set up a communication system between the space assets of India. This system is set to play a vital role in India’s space station as well as space docking and will also be instrumental to India’s Human Space Flight Programme – Gaganyaan. The IDRSS satellites will be launched on a GSLV launcher and will approximately weigh 2000 kgs, placed at an orbit of 36,000 km away from the orbit of the earth.
- NITI Aayog drew up a list of medical devices that are considered to have high export potential such as surgical blades, orthopaedic implants, catheters, syringes and needles, X-ray machines, blood bags, MRI machines and CT scan. To boost their domestic manufacturing, the devices ought to be prioritized and the Government of India is set to create a framework to accelerate their standardization and certification. In December 2018, the think tank had announced that all medical devices will be governed under a uniform regulatory regime which will aid in boosting their export as well as fasten the certification process. Currently, the devices are governed by the Central Drugs Standard Control, which is a statutory body created under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act.
- Due to the collision of two neutron stars, the Laser Inferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory, also known as LIGO, detected gravitational waves, for the second time. The mass of the neutron stars is estimated to be between 3.3 times and 3.7 times as that of the sun and scientists believes that the neutron stars that were separately formed, eventually drifted together to form a star pair. The neutron stars were at a distance of 520 million light years from the earth. The first neutron star detection was in 2017. The gravitational waves help to learn about the universe and its origin.
- The Government of Andhra Pradesh signed a Memorandum of Understanding with a German firm to implement Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) in the state. A loan of Rs. 1015 crores will be taken by the Government to spend towards climate resilient Zero Budget Natural Farming, which aims to cover at least 2.39 lakh farmers in approximately 600 villages. The Government will implement the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, in addition to ZBNF, which is a chemical-free agricultural farming practice. Since 2015-16, the Government of India has been promoting this practice through Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana and Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana. Apart from Andhra Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Kerala are practicing ZBNF.
- During a two-day official visit to Kolkata, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will dedicate colonial buildings – Old Currency Building, Metcalfe House, Belvedere House and Victoria Memorial Hall – to the country. These buildings were renovated by the Ministry of Culture, which is also working on developing other iconic buildings and cultural spaces in Mumbai, Delhi, Ahmedabad and Varanasi.
- A three-member bench of the Supreme Court of India heard a batch of pleas against the complete blockage of internet in Kashmir, where the internet has been shut down for five months now, since the abrogation of Article 370. The bench said that right of access to internet is a fundamental right and has asked the administration of Jammu and Kashmir to review the curbs on the internet services in a week. The judgment also read that Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code shall not be used to suppress freedom of speech and expression.
- India’s Energy Policy Report was launched by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and this report insists that India should adopt NITI Aayog’s National Energy Policy. The report finds that oil demand of India will overtake China’s by mid-2020 and India is already the third largest consumer of oil after China and USA. India’s plan to increase its refining capacity to 8 million barrels per day by 2025 will make India an attractive market for investment in the refinery sector.
Participate in Blue Book Contest and win exciting prizes. Leave your answers in comments column.
Q1. Name India’s Human Space Flight Programme.
Q2. Which organization drew up a list of medical devices that are considered to have high export potential?
- Indian Medical Association
- NITI Aayog
- Indian Medical Council
- Council of Indian Medical Research
Q3. When was the first neutron star collision detected?
Q4. Which Indian state recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding with a German firm to implement Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF)?
- Tamil Nadu
- Andhra Pradesh
Q5. Which of the following is not among the colonial buildings that Prime Minister Narendra Modi will dedicate to the nation?
- Belvedere House
- Victoria Memorial
- Old Currency Building
- Writers’ Building
Q6. According to the three-member bench of the Supreme Court of India, hearing pleas on the internet shut down in Kashmir, which section of the Criminal Procedure Code shall not be used to supress freedom of speech and expression?
- Section 141
- Section 142
- Section 143
- Section 144
Q7. India plans on increasing its refining capacity of oil to 8 million barrels per day by which year?